Water is the most common
substance found on earth.
In 1989, Americans dumped
365 million gallons of motor oil or the equivalent of 27 Exxon
Of all the earth's water, 97
percent is salt water located in oceans and seas.
Only one percent of the
earth's water is available for drinking water.
About two thirds of the
human body is water. Some parts of the body contain more water than
others. For example, 70 percent of your skin is water.
There are more than 200,000
individual water systems providing water to the public in the United
Public water suppliers
process 34 billion gallons of water per day for domestic and public
Approximately 1 million
miles of pipelines and aqueducts carry water in the United States
and Canada. That's enough to circle the earth 40 times.
About 800,000 water wells
are drilled each year in the United States for domestic, farming,
commercial, and water testing purposes.
Sixty-one percent of
Americans rely on lakes, rivers, and streams as their source of
drinking water. The other 39 percent rely on ground water -- water
located underground in aquifers and wells.
In 1974, Congress passed the
Safe Drinking Water Act to ensure that drinking water is safe for
consumption. The Act requires public water systems to monitor and
treat drinking water for safety.
More than 13 million
households drink from their own private wells and are responsible
for treating and pumping the water themselves.
Industries released 197
million pounds of toxic chemicals into waterways in 1990 alone.
The average daily
requirement for fresh water in the United States is about 338
billion gallons a day, with about 300 billion gallons used as
untreated water and for agriculture and other commercial purposes.
You can survive about a
month without food, but only five to seven days without water.
Each person uses about 100
gallons of water a day at home.
The average five-minute
shower takes between 25-50 gallons of water.
You can refill an 8 oz.
glass of water approximately 15,000 times for the same cost as a
six-pack of pop.
The average automatic
dishwasher uses 9-12 gallons of water while hand washing dishes can
take up to 20 gallons.
If every household in
America had a faucet that dripped once each second, we would waste
928 million gallons of water a day.
The five Great Lakes
bordering the United States and Canada contain about 20 percent of
the world's available fresh water.
More than 39,000 gallons of
water are used to manufacture a new car, including tires.
Water is a main ingredient
in other beverages and it takes water to process them. For example,
it takes 1,500 gallons of water to make one barrel of beer.
Seventy-five percent of a
tree is water.
One gallon of gasoline can
contaminate approximately 750,000 gallons of water.